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Raymond v Northern Territory of Australia [2012] FCA 669

Category: Agreement
Binomial Name: Federal Court of Australia
Sub Category:Consent Determination (Native Title Act)
Location:Central Northern Territory within the Barkly Shire , Northern Territory, Australia
Central Northern Territory within the Barkly Shire
Legal Status: Registered on the National Native Title Register.
Legal Reference: National Native Title Tribunal No: DC10/18 Federal Court No: NTD22/2010
Subject Matter:Native Title | Pastoral Activities | Recognition of Native Title or Traditional Ownership
URL: http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/cases/cth/FCA/2012/669.html
Summary Information:
Between:
Pompey Raymond (on behalf of the Warranangku Group) (APPLICANTS)

AND

Northern Territory of Australia, Consolidated Pastoral Company Pty Ltd and Telstra Corporation Ltd (RESPONDENTS)

Judge: Lander J
Where made: Historic Newcastle Waters Township

Determination: Native title exists in parts of the determination area. It consists of non-exclusive native title rights. This does not confer on the estate group members possession, occupation, use and enjoyment of the Determination Area, to the exclusion of all others.

Native title is held by the Warranangku estate group;

Membership of the estate group is determined by patrilineal descent, or a person's mother, father's mother or mother's mother being or having been a member of the group by reason of patrilineal descent or if a person has been adopted and incorporated into such a descent relationship.

Other people have rights and interests in the Determination Area in accordance with traditional laws and customs, subject to the rights and interests of the estate group members. These people are:
(a) members of estate groups from neighbouring estates;
(b) spouses of the estate group members.

Non-exclusive native title rights and interests that exist over the native title area in the Determination Area include:

- the right of access and to travel over the native title area;
- the right to hunt and to fish;
- the right to gather and use the natural resources of the area such as food, medicinal plants, wild tobacco, timber, stone and resin;
- the right to take and use the natural water of the area;
- the right to live, and to camp on the land, and to erect shelters and other structures;
- the right to light fires for domestic purposes;
- the right to conduct and participate in cultural activities, cultural practices relating to birth and death including burial rites, ceremonies, meetings and teaching the physical and spiritual attributes of sites and places in the native title area;
- the right to maintain and protect significant cultural sites and places;
- the right to share or exchange subsistence and other traditional resources obtained on or from the native title area;
- the right to be accompanied onto the Determination Area by people who, though not native title holders are people required by traditional law and customs for the performance of ceremonies or cultural activities or people who have rights under traditional law and custom in relation to any part of the native title area or people required to assist, observe or record traditional activities on the area.

Interests of the members of neighbouring estate groups and spouses of the native title holders include:
- the right of access and to travel over the native title area;
- the right to hunt and to fish;
- the right to gather and use the natural resources of the area such as food, medicinal plants, wild tobacco, timber, stone and resin;
- the right to take and use the natural water of the area;
- the right to camp on the land;
- the right to light fires for domestic purposes;
- the right to conduct activities necessary to give effect to the rights referred to above.

Non-native title rights and interests that exist within the determination area can be summarised as
- the interests of Consolidated Pastoral Company Pty Ltd under Perpetual Pastoral Lease 1072 over NT portion 307;
- the rights and interests of Telstra Corporation Limited as the owner or operator of telecommunications facilities within the Determination Area and created pursuant to the Post and Telegraph Act 1901 (Cth), the
Telecommunications Act 1975 (Cth), the
Australian Telecommunications Corporation Act 1989 (Cth), the Telecommunications Act 1991 (Cth) and the Telecommunications Act 1997 (Cth) including the rights to inspect land, install and operate telecommunications facilities and alter, remove, maintain, replace and ensure the proper functioning of its telecommunications facilities, for employees, agents or contractors to access telecommunications facilities in the native title area and under any license, access agreement or easement relating to its telecommunications facilities in the Determination Area;
- the rights of Aboriginal persons pursuant to the reservation in favour of Aboriginal peoples contained in the pastoral lease under the Pastoral Land Act 1992 (NT);
- rights of Aboriginal persons under the Northern Territory Aboriginal Sacred Sites Act 1989 (NT);
- in relation to NT portion 6868(A), the interest of the Minister under the Heritage Conservation Act (NT);
- rights of access by an employee, servant or agent of the Northern Territory or Commonwealth government as required in the performance of their legal duties;
- the interests of persons to whom rights and interests have been granted by the crown pursuant to statute or otherwise in exercise of executive power;
- interests granted under the Mining Act(NT) including Exploration Licence Title Numbers 27458, 27459, 27475 and Explorations Permit Title Numbers 76, 99 and 117.

To the extent that exercise of the native title rights and interests conflict with the exercise of the non-native title rights and interests, the latter prevail however do not extinguish the native title rights.

Provisions Relevant to the Native Title Rights

Native title does not exist over
- minerals, petroleum or prescribed substances as defined in the Atomic Energy (Control of Materials) Act 1946 (Cth) and/or the Atomic Energy Act 1953 (Cth).

An Aboriginal corporation, whose name is to be provided within 12 months, is to be the prescribed body corporate for the purposes of the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth).

Detailed Information:
Background
This application was filed on 13 August 2010 seeking recognition of native title rights and interests over the land and waters within the bounds of the Ucharonidge Pastoral Lease in the Northern Territory. Consolidated Pastoral Company Pty Ltd is the holder of the pastoral lease.

The application is brought on behalf of the Warrangku group.

This application was also heard with eleven other applications due to their geographical proximity.

At a ceremonial sitting of the Federal Court, Justice Lander awarded non-exclusive native title rights over the stations of Amungee Mungee, Mungabroom, Vermelha, Maryfield, Forrest Hill, Kalala, Hayfield, Shenandoah, Ucharonidge and Beetaloo stations, as well as the township of Daly Waters (Rawlinson, 2012). This is an area of almost 30,000 kmē (Northern Land Council, 2012).

Raymond Pompey said that the determination meant that he "got to go back and look after my site, sacred site - the trees and the dreamings from my father left there" (Rawlinson, 2012).

Northern Land Council CEO Kim Hill said the non-exclusive native title rights mean traditional owners like Pompey will be involved in future use of the land, and will have input into the development of new infrastructure or mining projects (Northern Land Council, 2012).

Details of Judgement
The parties to the determination reached an agreement as to the terms of a determination of native title to be made in relation to the Determination Area. The signed agreement was then filed in the Federal Court on the 20th June 2012 pursuant to s 87 of the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth).

The court was satisfied that a determination of native title was within the power of the court.

Related Entries

Agreement
  • Raymond v Northern Territory of Australia [2012] FCA 683
  • Raymond v Northern Territory of Australia [2012] FCA 667
  • Jackson v Northern Territory of Australia [2012] FCA 668
  • Ellaga v Northern Territory of Australia [2012] FCA 670
  • Wavehill v Northern Territory of Australia [2012] FCA 666
  • Wavehill v Northern Territory of Australia [2012] FCA 671
  • Albert v Northern Territory of Australia [2012] FCA 673
  • Jackson v Northern Territory of Australia [2012] FCA 664
  • Organisation
  • Northern Territory of Australia - Respondent
  • Telstra Corporation Limited - Respondent
  • Consolidated Pastoral Company Pty Ltd - Respondent
  • Northern Land Council
  • Legislation
  • Pastoral Land Act 1992 (NT)
  • Native Title Act 1993 (Cth)
  • Native Title Amendment Act 1998 (Cth)
  • Telecommunications Act 1975 (Cth)
  • Australian Telecommunications Corporation Act 1989 (Cth)
  • Telecommunications Act 1991 (Cth)
  • Telecommunications Act 1997 (Cth)
  • Post and Telegraph Act 1901(Cth)
  • Northern Territory Aboriginal Sacred Sites Act 1989 (NT)
  • Mining Act 1980 (NT)
  • People
  • Pompey Raymond - Native Title Claimant
  • Warranangku Group

  • References

    General Reference
    Clare Rawlinson (27 June 2012) Returning to country: a long fight
    Media Release
    Northern Land Council (27 June 2012 ) Native Title recognition for ten Territory stations and the town of Daly Waters

    Glossary

    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Australia) | Applicant | Consent Determination (Native Title Act 1993 (Cth)) (Australia) | National Native Title Tribunal (NNTT) (Australia) | Native Title (Australia) | Native Title Applicants | Native Title Applications/Claims (Australia) | Native Title Determination (Australia) | Native Title Registers | Native Title Holders (Native Title Act 1993 (Cth)) (Australia) | Respondent | Prescribed Body Corporate (PBC) (Native Title Act) (Australia)

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