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Robinson Treaties

Category: Agreement
Date: 7 September 1850
Sub Category:Treaty (Canada)
Location:Salte Ste. Marie, Canada
Alternative Names:
  • Robinson-Superior Treaty
  • Robinson-Huron Treaty
  • Great Lakes Ojibwa Treaties
  • Subject Matter:Land Settlement | Land Transaction | Mining and Minerals | Recognition of Traditional Rights and Interests
    Summary Information:
    The Robinson Treaties were made between the Crown and the Ojibwa Indians of Lake Superior to convey certain lands in the Northern Ontario and Prairie provinces of the Upper Great Lakes region to the Crown. They consist of two treaties being the Robinson-Superior Treaty (7 September 1850) and the Robinson-Huron Treaty (9 September 1850). The treaties, initially entered into to allow entry to lands for mining, had effect on an area of land far greater than any treaties before them. They also 'introduced the concept of creating Indian reserves for individual communities out of small portions of the land surrendered under treaty. These reserves were set aside for exclusive use of individual Indian communities while the underlying title was held by the Crown.' (Morse, 14)

    Related Entries

  • Government of Canada - Signatory
  • Event
  • Royal Proclamation 1763
  • Legislation
  • Constitution Act 1867
  • People
  • Ojibwa Indians - Signatory

  • References

    Book Chapter
    Palmer, L, Tehan, M, (2006) 'Shared Citizenship and Self-Government in Canada: A Case Study of James Bay and Nunavik (Northern Quebec)', in Langton, Mazel, Palmer, Shain, Tehan (eds), Settling with Indigenous People: Modern treaty and agreement-making (The Federation Press, 2006).
    Book Section
    Richard Bartlett (2001) Canada: Indigenous Land Claims and Settlements
    Bradford Morse (2004) Indigenous-Settler Treaty Making in Canada
    Edited Book
    Garth Nettheim, Gary Meyers and Donna Craig (2002) Indigenous Peoples and Governance Structures: A Comparitive Analysis of Land and Resource Management Rights
    Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (1850) Robinson-Superior Treaty
    Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (1850) Robinson-Huron Treaty


    Treaty | Treaty (Canada)

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