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Labrador Inuit

Category: People
Sub Category:Inuit of Canada
Location:Labrador, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada
Alternative Names:
  • Labrador Inuu
  • URL: http://www.nunatsiavut.com/en/whoweare.php
    Summary Information:
    Labrador Inuit are one of the founding peoples of Canada who descended from the prehistoric Thule. They were hunters who were attracted to Labrador by its abundance of wildlife and whales. Labrador Inuit traditionally resided around the bays and inlets of the Northern Labrador coast although they travelled extensively in order to harvest the natural resources of both land and sea. Prior to European settlement, they roamed from Cape Chidley to the island of Newfoundland.

    The traditional lifestyle of the Labrador Inuit was disrupted by European colonialism. Resettlement and dislocation from traditions followed. There are presently two Innu First Nations in Labrador, the Mashua Innu First Nation (located in Natuashish) and the Sheshatshiu Innu First Nation (located in Sheshatshi). The traditional language spoken is Innueimun. Since 1973, with the establishment of the Labrador Inuit Association (LIA), the Labrador Inuit have worked to protect their human and constitutional rights, improve Inuit health, and advance claims to land and self-government. In 2003, the LIA, along with federal and provincial government representatives, initialled the Labrador Inuit Land Claims Agreement. It is to be presented to the Labrador Inuit for ratification, before being voted upon by the Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly and the federal House of Commons.

    Related Entries

    Agreement
  • Labrador Inuit Land Claims Agreement 2003
  • Labrador Inuit Land Claims Agreement-in-Principle 2001
  • Voisey's Bay Interim Measures Agreement 2002 - Signatory
  • Labrador Inuit Land Claims Interim Measures Agreement 2001 - Signatory
  • Memorandum of Understanding on Interim Measures Related to the Proposed Torngat Mountains National Park Reserve 2000 - Signatory
  • Organisation
  • Labrador Inuit Association
  • Nunatsiavut Government
  • Legislation
  • Labrador Inuit Constitution
  • People
  • Inuit of Canada
  • Policy/Strategy
  • Labrador Innu Comprehensive Healing Strategy 2001

  • References

    Resource
    Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (2004) Information Update: Progress on the Implementation of the Labrador Innu Comprehensive Healing Strategy
    Government of Newfoundland and Labrador - Labrador and Aboriginal Affairs (2003) Labrador Inuit Land Claims Agreement
    Government of Newfoundland and Labrador (2001) Voisey's Bay Interim Measures Agreement
    Government of Newfoundland and Labrador - Labrador and Aboriginal Affairs (2001) Labrador Inuit Land Claims Interim Measures Agreement
    Government of Newfoundland and Labrador (2000) News Release: Agreement Helps Pave Way for Torngat Mountains National Park
    Government of Newfoundland and Labrador (2003) Labrador Inuit Land Claims Agreement

    Glossary

    Inuit of Canada

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