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McNamara on behalf of the Gawler Ranges People v State of South Australia [2011] FCA 1471

Category: Agreement
Binomial Name: Federal Court of Australia
Date: 19 December 2011
Sub Category:Consent Determination (Native Title Act)
Location:Gawler Ranges and surrounding areas, South Australia , Australia
The determination area covers land recognised as the land of the Gawler Ranges People which includes the Gawler Ranges and the salt lake region immediately to their north. The total area covered by the claim is approximately 3.5 million hectares. The majority of the claim area is pastoral land (approximately 76%) with the remainder covered by Park (21%) or other Crown Record. There are also two small townships within the claim area, Glendambo and Kingoonya. There are three National Parks within the area: Gawler Ranges National Park, the Lake Gairdner National Park and Lake Gilles Conservation Reserve.
Legal Status: Registered on the National Native Title Tribunal register of Consent Determinations
Legal Reference: Tribunal file no.: SC97/7; Federal Court no.: SAD6020/1998
Alternative Names:
  • Gawler Ranges People
  • McNamara on behalf of the Gawler Ranges People v State of South Australia
  • Subject Matter:Access | Cultural Heritage | Environmental Heritage | Land Management | Native Title | Pastoral Activities | Recognition of Native Title or Traditional Ownership
    URL: http://www.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/sinodisp/au/cases/cth/FCA/2011/1471.html?stem=0&synonyms=0&query=McNamara
    Summary Information:
    Between: Elliott Lancelot McNamara, Kenneth Harry Smith, Howard Richards, Andrew Dingaman on behalf of the Gawler Ranges People
    (APPLICANTS) and

    The State of South Australia and Others(RESPONDENTS)

    Judge: Mansfield J

    Where made: Paney

    Determination:

    Native title exists in the parts of the determination area. It consists of non-exclusive native title rights.

    Native title was granted to Gawler Ranges people who are descedents of Gawler Ranges ancestors or are recognised by other native title holders as a Gawler Person.

    The determined native title rights and interests over the determination area include:

    - the right to access;
    - the right to live, to camp and erect shelters;
    - the right to hunt;
    - the right to gather and use the natural resources such as food, medicinal plants, wild tobacco, timber, resin, ochre and feathers;
    - the right to share and exchange resources of the area;
    - the right to use the natural water resources;
    - the right to cook and light fires for domestic purposes;
    - the right to engage and participate in cultural activities;
    - the right to conduct ceremonies and hold meetings;
    - the right to teach the physical and spiritual attributes of locations and sites within the Determination Area;
    - the right to visit, maintain and protect sites and places of cultural and religious significance; and
    - the right to be accompanied on to the determination area by those people who are spouses of native title holders or people required by traditional law and custom for the performance of ceremonies or cultural activities or people who have rights in relation to the Determination Area according to the traditional laws and customs acknowledged by the Gawler Ranges People.

    Non-native title rights and interests that exist within the determination area

    - various pastoral leases;
    - the rights of the State of South Australia;
    - The rights and interests of South Australia and to the public to access Gawler Ranges National Park, Lake Gairdner National Park and Lake Gilles National Park pursuant to and under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 (SA);
    - the rights and interests of persons to whom valid or validated rights and interests have been granted or recognised by the State of South Australia or by the Commonwealth of Australia pursuant to statute or otherwise in the exercise of executive power;
    - the rights to access land by an employee or agent of the State, Commonwealth or other statutory authority as required in the performance of his or her statutory or common law duties;
    - the rights and interests of all parties in relation to the following indigenous land use agreements (ILUAs): Moonaree Pastoral ILUA, Coondambo Pastoral ILUA, Kokatha Pastoral ILUA, Siam North Pastoral ILUA, Hiltaba Pastoral ILUA, Wilgena Pastoral ILUA (AJ & PA McBride Pty Ltd), Lockes Claypan Pastoral ILUA, Yardea Pastoral ILUA, Thurlga Pastoral ILUA, Yeltana Pastoral ILUA, Part Hiltaba Pastoral ILUA, Siam Pastoral ILUA, Yarna Pastoral ILUA, Koweridda Pastoral ILUA and Lake Everard Pastoral ILUA;
    - the rights and interests of Telstra Corporation Limited as the as the owner or operator of telecommunications facilities within the Determination Area, rights and interests created pursuant to statute or created under any lease or agreement relating to its telecommunications facilities in the Determination Area;
    - the Commonwealth rights and interests in the Woomera Prohibited Area;
    - the rights, interests and entitlements of ETSA Utilities to exercise its entitlements and discharge its obligations as the owner and/or operator of electricity infrastructure and telecommunications facilities and infrastructure within the Determination Area; and
    - the rights and interests created by Crown Lease Miscellaneous No. 20983 for tourism purposes Volume 1640 Folio 67.

    In the case of conflict, the exercise of non-native title rights and interests will prevail over the non-exclusive native title however the native title rights will continue to exist in their entirety.


    Provisions Relevant to the Native Title Rights

    The native title is held by the Gawler Ranges (Aboriginal Corporation). The Gawler Ranges (Aboriginal Corporation) is to perform the functions under s 57(3) of the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth) as the the prescribed body corporate, after becoming a registered native title body corporate. The native title is not held on trust.
    Detailed Information:
    Background

    The Gawler Ranges Claim Group first lodged an application with the National Native Title Tribunal in 1997 for the recognition of native title in relation to lands and waters in the Gawler Ranges area of South Australia.

    The Gawler Ranges People and the State of South Australia and the other respondents reached an agreement as to the terms of a determination of native title to be made in relation to the land and waters covered by the native title application. They then filed the agreement in the Federal Court seeking the making of Consent Orders for a determination of native title pursuant to s 87(2) of the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth).

    The consent determination built upon a number of agreements in relation to mineral exploration and pastoral interests which resulted in sixteen indigenous land use agreements (ILUAs) being registered between 2009 and 2010. The Gawler Ranges claim group also signed an additional ILUA with the South Australian Government to settle all compensation issues arising from the native title claim and signed a further three ILUAs with the South Australian Government in relation to the co-management of the Gawler Ranges National Park and Lake Gairdner National Park within the determination area (South Australian Native Title Services, 2011; National Native Title Tribunal, Native title claim resolved in upper Eyre Peninsula, 2011).

    Native title lawyer Andrew Beckworth stated that the Aboriginal people from the Gawler Ranges have had strong links to the determination area for thousands of years. The determination will also allow for Gawler Ranges people to actively engage in the management of their country with 'three Aboriginal rangers in the Gawler Ranges National Park.. only [improving] the way these parks are managed,' (ABC Online, 2011).

    South Australia's acting Attorney-General John Hill stated that the native title claim recognised the Gawler Ranges people had an ancient and ongoing connection to the area (Koori Mail, 2012).

    Details of the Judgement

    The parties to the determination reached an agreement as to the terms of a determination of native title to be made in relation to the Determination Area. The Federal Court was satisfied that it had the power to grant the consent determination and granted native title rights and interests to the Gawler Ranges People over 3.5 million hectares of land and waters in the Gawler Ranges region.

    Related Entries

    Agreement
  • Gawler Ranges - Moonaree Pastoral Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Gawler Ranges - Kokatha Pastoral Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Gawler Ranges - Coondambo Pastoral Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Siam North Pastoral Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Siam Pastoral Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Yarna Pastoral Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Hiltaba Pastoral Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Part Hiltaba Pastoral Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Wilgena Pastoral Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA) (AJ & PA McBride Pty Ltd)
  • Yeltana Pastoral Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Lockes Claypan Pastoral Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Lake Everard Pastoral Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Yardea Pastoral Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Thurlga Pastoral Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Koweridda Pastoral Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Lake Gairdner National Park Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Lake Gilles Conservation Park Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Gawler Ranges National Park Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Gawler Ranges Native Title Claim Settlement Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Middleback Ranges South Australia Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Cultana Expansion Area Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Organisation
  • State of South Australia - Respondent
  • Gawler Ranges Aboriginal Corporation
  • Legislation
  • Native Title Act 1993 (Cth)
  • Native Title Amendment Act 1998 (Cth)
  • People
  • Andrew Dingaman, for and on behalf of the Gawler Ranges Native Title Claim Group - Native Title Claimant
  • Howard Richards, for and on behalf of the Gawler Ranges Native Title Claim Group - Native Title Claimant
  • Elliot McNamara, for and on behalf of the Gawler Ranges Native Title Claim Group - Native Title Claimant
  • Ken Smith, for and on behalf of the Gawler Ranges Native Title Claim Group - Native Title Claimant

  • References

    General Reference
    ABC News (19 December 2011) Gawler Ranges native title granted
    National Native Title Tribunal (2011) Native title determination summary - Gawler Ranges People
    Media Release
    Nick Champion, Nicola Roxon (19 December 2011) Gawler Ranges Native Title Determination Welcomed
    South Australian Native Title Services Gawler Ranges Natitle Title Signing Ceremony Dec 2011
    National Native Title Tribunal (2011) Native title claim resolved in upper Eyre Peninsula
    Newspaper Article
    Tim Dornin (19 December 2011) SA's Gawler Ranges people win native title
    The Koori Mail (11 January 2012) Historic decision for Gawler Ranges people

    Glossary

    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Australia) | Aboriginal Corporation (Australia) | Applicant | Claimant Application (Native Title Act 1993 (Cth)) (Australia) | Consent Determination (Native Title Act 1993 (Cth)) (Australia) | Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA) (Native Title Act 1993 (Cth)) (Australia) | National Park | National Native Title Tribunal (NNTT) (Australia) | Native Title (Australia) | Native Title Applicants | Native Title Determination (Australia) | Native Title Registers | Native Title Holders (Native Title Act 1993 (Cth)) (Australia) | Native Title Representative Body (NTRB) (Australia) | Prescribed Body Corporate (PBC) (Native Title Act) (Australia)

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