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Treaty between the Government of Australia and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia establishing an Exclusive Economic Zone Boundary and Certain Seabed Boundaries

Category: Agreement
Date: 14 March 1997
Sub Category:Treaty (International)
Location:Timor Sea between East Timor and Australia, East Timor and Australia
Subject Matter:Economic Development
Summary Information:
The Treaty between the Government of Australia and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia establishing an Exclusive Economic Zone Boundary and Certain Seabed Boundaries was signed on the 14 March 1997. Based on international law set out in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (December 1982) Australia and Indonesia agreed upon an exclusive economic zone and water column boundary that includes parts of the Timor Sea. Basically they agreed to adopt a median line between the two coasts (Brennan, 2004:28). However, the Treaty, based on the median line principle, does not affect the position adopted in the 1972 and 1989 Treaties, respectively, based on the continental shelf principle of the 1958 Geneva Convention.
Detailed Information:
Both parties agreed that this 1997 water column boundary and exclusive economic zone treaty has no effect on the 1972 Permanent Seabed Boundary Treaty and on the 1989 Zone of Cooperation Treaty known as the Timor Gap Treaty (sea map). This 1997 treaty allowed both parties to exercise their respective fishing rights and maritime scientific research rights within the agreed water column boundaries with a mutual obligation to respect the rights of each party. The treaty did not enter into force due to (1) the downfall of the Suharto's regime in May 1998, (2) the separation of East Timor from the Republic of Indonesia in 1999 and (3) East Timor being under the Transitional Administration of the United Nations from 25 October 1999 to 20 May 2002.

Related Entries

Agreement
  • TIMOR GAP TREATY between Australia and the Republic of Indonesia on the Zone of cooperation in an area between the Indonesian Province of East Timor and Northern Australia
  • 1972 Seabed Boundaries Agreement between the Commonwealth of Australia and the Republic of Indonesia on Seabed Boundaries in the Area of the Timor and Arafura Seas.
  • Organisation
  • Commonwealth of Australia - Signatory
  • Government of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
  • Government of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
  • Government of the Republic of Indonesia - Signatory
  • Event
  • United Nations Convention on the Continental Shelf
  • United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

  • References

    Book
    Frank Brennan SJ (2004) The Timor Sea's Oil and Gas: What's Fair? (Catholic Social Justice Series No 51)
    Book Chapter
    Gillian Triggs (2004) Creative Conflict Resolution: The Timor Sea Treaty between Australia and East Timor
    Book Section
    Gillian Triggs (2004) Creative Conflict Resolution: The Timor Sea Treaty between Australia and East Timor
    Resource
    Australian Government Publishing Service (1995) Treaty between Australia and the Republic of Indonesia on the Zone of Cooperation in an Area between the Indonesian Province of East Timor and Northern Australia [Timor Gap Treaty]
    Department of Foreign Affairs, Canberra (1974) Agreement between the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia Establishing Certain Seabed Boundaries in the Area of the Timor and Arafura Seas, Supplementary to the Agreement of 18 May 1971
    (1997) Treaty between the Government of Australia and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia establishing an Exclusive Economic Zone Boundary and Certain Seabed Boundaries (Perth, 14 March 1997)

    Glossary

    Treaty

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