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Thurlga Pastoral Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
|Date:||26 May 2009|
|Sub Category:||Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA) (Native Title Act)|
|Location:||South of Lake Gairdner, South Australia, Australia|
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|The ILUA area is located south of Lake Gairdner. It covers a total area of approximately 696 square kilometres, being Pastoral Lease Number 2305B in Crown Lease Register Book Volume 1609 Folio 56 (known as Thurlga). The ILUA area excludes all public roads.|
|Legal Status:||Registered with the National Native Title Tribunal on the Register of Indigenous Land Use Agreements on 26 May 2009. This is an Area Agreement under the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth).|
|Legal Reference:||National Native Title Tribunal File No. SI2007/003.|
|The Thurlga Pastoral ILUA was agreed between: |
- The State of South Australia;
- Richard Rosslyn Morris and Deborah Howard Morris; and
- Elliot McNamara, Howard Richards, Andrew Dingaman & Ken Smith (being the applicants to the Gawler Ranges native title claim (Federal Court File No. SAD6020/98))
The purpose of the ILUA is to provide for access by the Gawler Ranges native title group to the ILUA area for the purpose of performing traditional activities.
|Details of agreement|
Details of the terms and conditions of the ILUA are not provided in the ILUA Register extract (linked above). A summary of the provisions of the ILUA states that it will regulate the interaction between native title rights and interests and other rights and interests. More particularly, the ILUA will 'provide for access to the agreement areas by members of the Gawler Ranges Native Title Group for the purpose of undertaking traditional activities in accordance with the terms of the agreements' (National Native Title Tribunal, 2009).
The ILUA Register extract notes that the agreement contains no statements of a kind mentioned in s 24EB(1)or s 24EBA(1) or (4) of the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth). This means that the ILUA does not:
- provide consent for the doing of any acts by non-native title parties;
- effect the right of the native title parties to negotiate with non-native title parties proposing to undertake a future act
- validate any previous future acts
- the non-extinguishment provisions apply to all acts contemplated by the ILUA
Context of ILUA
This is one of a number of ILUAs registered on the same day, 26 May 2009, with the National Native Title Tribunal. It appears that all of the ILUAs deal with the same subject matter - access by the native title parties to the ILUA area.
Associated media releases indicate that this ILUA was one of 24 ILUAs signed on 14 May 2008 that deal specifically with the relationship between the rights of pastoralists and the rights of the Gawler Ranges Native Title Claim Group (see National Native Title Tribunal 2008). These ILUAs were negotiated between 19 pastoral entities and the Barngarla and Kokatha Peoples, who make up the Gawler Ranges Native Title Claim Group.
These ILUAs cumulatively cover approximately 50,000 square kilometres of land and waters in the Gawler Ranges, which are located in South Australia's Eyre Peninsula region. The ILUAs are reported to additionally make provision for:
- the protection of Aboriginal heritage and culture;
- consultation protocols between pastoralists and the native title group. Building on these protocols, members of the native title groups have been allowed to collaborate with pastoralists to enjoy and care for rock-holes in the claim area (see South Australia Native Title Services 2010); and
- protection and use of pastoral infrastructure (see National Native Title Tribunal 2008).
It is difficult to determine whether these additional provisions are included in this ILUA.
A number of these ILUAs are yet to be registered with the National Native Title Tribunal on the Register of Indigenous Land Use Agreements.
Native title in the ILUA area
The ILUA area is located within the claim area of the currently active Gawler Ranges Native Title Claim (Federal Court File No. SAD6020/98). All members of the claim group identify as members of either the Barngarla or the Kokatha Peoples. The application for this claim was originally filed on 12 September 1997, and was amended on 15 September 1997. The claim extends over land and waters to the north of Wudinna in South Australia.
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