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Royal Bafokeng Nation

Category: People
Sub Category:Local Community of South Africa
Location:North West Province, Republic of South Africa
Alternative Names:
  • baFokeng
  • URL: http://www.royalbafokeng.com/
    Summary Information:
    The Royal Bafokeng Nation is made up of Setswana-speaking people from the North West Province of South Africa, north-west of Johannesburg. Bafokeng land includes the 'Bushveld Complex' which contains the most significant identified platinum reserves in the world. (Manson & Mbenga, 2003, 28)

    The Bafokeng are a branch of the Sotho-Tswana people, and are thought to have migrated southward from central Africa over a millennium; the name 'baFokeng' means 'people of the dew' (North West Province). Currently, Bafokeng people number at approximately 300 000 people, with their largest town being Phokeng. The current king of the Royal Bafokeng Nation is Kgosi Leruo Molotlegi(Royal Bafokeng Nation).
    Detailed Information:
    The Royal Bafokeng Nation were land-owners throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; their land was registered in the names of missionaries of the Hermannsburg Missionary Society and then with offices including the Superintendent of Native Affairs because of the prohibition on Africans owning land in the Transvaal.

    From 1977, Bafokeng land became incorporated into Bophuthatswana, one of the so-called South African 'homelands'. These homelands were an essential part of the apartheid system, in which black people were considered citizens of small nominally independent 'homelands' and so were considered 'migrants' who could be deported from the white-ruled Republic of South Africa. The then-government envisaged that the only blacks residing in cities would be those employed by white employers (Giannandrea, 2005).

    A long battle with Impala Platinum over payment of royalties for the platinum mined on Bafokeng land ended with the Royal Bafokeng Nation becoming the single largest shareholder in Impala Platinum, after an equity-for-royalty deal.

    Related Entries

    Agreement
  • Royal Bafokeng Nation and Impala Platinum Joint Venture Agreement - Signatory
  • Organisation
  • Impala Platinum
  • Policy/Strategy
  • Apartheid

  • References

    General Reference
    The Royal Bafokeng Nation The Royal Bafokeng Nation - Who We Are
    North West Province The Bafokeng People of Rustenburg
    Article
    Terence Creamer Mining Weekly (28 September 2006) Bafokeng set to emerge as largest Implats shareholder as R12,1bn shares-for-royalty deal is unveiled
    Terence Creamer Mining Weekly (6 October 2006) Kgosi Leruo Molotlegi dreams big and wins big
    Journal Article
    delete (Spring 2005) Towards a Definition of Betterment in South African land Restitution Law
    Andrew Manson and Bernard Mbenga 29 Journal of Southern African Studies 1 (March 2003) 'The Richest Tribe in Africa': Platinum-Mining and the Bafokeng in South Africa's North West Province, 1965-1999
    Heather Giannandrea (Spring 2005) Towards a Definition of Betterment in South African Land Restitution Law 63(2) University of Toronto Faculty of Law Review

    Glossary

    Local Community of South Africa

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