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National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act 2003 (South Africa)
|Binomial Name: ||Government of the Republic of South Africa|
|Date: ||11 February 2004|
|Location:||Republic of South Africa|
|Summary Information: |
|The National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act 57 of 2003 (RSA) ('the Act') was passed by the National Government of South Africa on 11 February 2004.|
The purposes of the Act include to:
'provide for the protection and conservation of ecologically viable areas representative of South Africa's biological diversity and its natural landscapes and seascapes' (long title);
'promote sustainable utilisation of protected areas for the benefit of people, in a manner that would preserve the ecological character of such areas' (s 2(e)); and
'promote participation of local communities in the management of protected areas, where appropriate' (s 2(f)).
The Act defines a 'protected area' as including wilderness areas, nature reserves and world heritage sites.
|Detailed Information: |
|The Act provides for the co-management of protected areas between South African National Parks and local communities in certain circumstances. It also provides that one of the reasons for which a nature reserve may be declared is 'to provide for a sustainable flow of natural products and services to meet the needs of a local community' (s 23(2)(c)). |
The Act talks about the rights held in protected areas by 'local communities', which it defines as 'any community of people living or having rights or interests in a distinct geographical area', which potentially may exclude communities who were displaced during apartheid and so no longer living in their traditional areas.
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