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Canadian Centre for the Independent Resolution of First Nations Specific Claims

Category: Organisation
Sub Category:Statutory Body
Location:Canada
Subject Matter:Compensation | Recognition of Traditional Rights and Interests
Summary Information:
The establishment of the Canadian Centre for the Independent Resolution of First Nations Specific Claims (the Centre) is provided for by the Specific Claims Resolution Act which received Royal Assent on 7 November 2003. The Centre is to replace the existing advisory body (the Indian Claims Commission (ICC)) in facilitating the negotiation and resolution of specific claims settlements. The Centre will be composed of a Chief Executive Officer and two divisions — a Commission (to facilitate negotiations) and a Tribunal (to resolve disputes).

The Commission will assist the parties to a specific claim by drawing on a comprehensive range of dispute resolution processes. All parties to specific claims will have access to the services of the Commission irrespective of the value of the claim. The Commission will be responsible for receiving and registering new claims, and administering research and negotiating loan funding (presently conducted by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada).

The adjudicative Tribunal will be available to First Nations as a last resort in cases where a resolution cannot be achieved. It will make decisions as to the validity of claims and regarding compensation of claims up to a maximum of ten million dollars (Canadian).

The Centre will assume the responsibilities of the ICC although there will be some key differences in its operation. Unlike the ICC, the Centre is to be a permanent body which will receive and register all new specific claims, and is mandated to make binding decisions on claims.

Related Entries

Organisation
  • Government of Canada
  • Legislation
  • Specific Claims Resolution Act (2003, c.23)
  • Indian Acts
  • Policy/Strategy
  • Specific Claims Policy 1973
  • Comprehensive Land Claims Policy 1973
  • Outstanding Business: A Native Claims Policy 1982

  • References

    Resource
    Indian and Northern Affairs Canada Backgrounder: Canadian Centre for the Independent Resolution of First Nations Specific Claims
    Department of Justice Canada (2003) Specific Claims Resolution Act [Not in force] (2003, c. 23 )

    Glossary

    Specific Claims Agreement (Canada) | Statutory Body | Indian Claims Commission (Canada)

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