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Metis People

Category: People
Sub Category:Métis of Canada
Location:Northwest Territories, Canada
Alternative Names:
  • Métis Nation
  • URL: http://www.metisnation.ca/
    Summary Information:
    The Metis were officially recognised as one of Canada's three Aboriginal peoples in the Constitution Act of 1982 (s 35). Their number is estimated at somewhere between 300,000 and 800,000. Most Metis live in Western Canada in over 300 communities. The Metis people were born from the marriages of Cree, Ojibwa, Salteaux and Assininboine women with French and Scottish fur traders, commencing in the mid 1600s. The Metis Nation itself developed in the 18th and 19th centuries.
    Detailed Information:
    Subsequent to the annexation of the northwest by Canada in 1869, the Metis found their political economy destroyed. While the Manitoba Act (1870) and the Dominion Lands Act (1879) acknowledged Metis claims to Aboriginal title, the federal government took measures to extinguish such claims. The Metis traditionally worked as trappers, guides, interpreters, farm labourers, dock and factory workers and canoe and boat paddlers. They developed a unique language called Michif.

    The Metis Homeland covers areas of contemporary Ontario, British Columbia, the Northwest Territories, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. The Metis are signatories to the Sahtu Dene and Metis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement which took effect in June 1994.

    Presently the Metis seek land and resources rights and self-government rights. The Metis nations do not seek sovereignty from Canada but rather, greater control over their own lives and Metis affairs. Land rights would be exercised in traditional areas of Metis residence in what is considered the Metis Homeland. Metis self-government involves the establishment of local government on Metis Homeland as well as the right to self-governing institutions away from that base. This would include access rights to adequate revenue to permit provision of services pertinent to the particular requirements of Metis people and of comparable quality to those provided by federal and provincial governments.

    The interests of the Metis people are represented by National Metis Council which comprises representatives from the five Metis provincial organizations: the Metis Provincial Council of British Columbia, the Metis Nation of Alberta, the Metis Nation of Saskatchewan, the Manitoba Metis Federation and the Metis Nation of Ontario.

    Related Entries

    Agreement
  • Dogrib Comprehensive Land Claim and Self-Government Agreement-in-Principle
  • Deline Self-Government Agreement-in-Principle for the Sahtu Dene and Metis of Deline 2003
  • Sahtu Dene and Metis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement Implementation Plan 1993
  • Northwest Territories Lands and Resources Devolution Framework Agreement 2004
  • Memorandum of Intent on Devolution and Resources Revenue Sharing 2001
  • Sahtu Dene and Metis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement 1994
  • Metis Nation Accord 1992
  • Organisation
  • Government of Canada
  • Government of the Northwest Territories
  • Deline First Nation Government
  • Deline Dene Band
  • Deline Land Corporation
  • Sahtu Dene Council
  • Sahtu Secretariat Inc
  • Aboriginal Summit
  • Metis National Council
  • Congress of Aboriginal Peoples
  • People
  • Inuvialuit People
  • Gwich'in People
  • Sahtu Dene People
  • Policy/Strategy
  • Charlottetown Accord 1992

  • References

    Resource
    Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (1994) Sahtu Dene and Metis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement
    Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (1992) Metis Nation Accord
    Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs - Government of the Northwest Territories (2003) Deline Self-Government Agreement-in-Principle for the Sahtu Dene and Metis of Deline
    Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs - Government of the Northwest Territories (2003) Deline Self-Government Agreement-in-Principle for the Sahtu Dene and Metis of Deline
    Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (1994) Highlights: Sahtu Dene and Metis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement
    Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (1993) Implementation Plan for the Sahtu Dene and Metis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement
    Metis National Council (2005) Who are the Metis?
    Metis of Alberta 'Definition of Metis?'

    Glossary

    Métis of Canada

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