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Government of Canada

Category: Organisation
Sub Category:Federal Government
Location:Canada
Alternative Names:
  • Canadian Federal Government
  • Federal Government of Canada
  • Canadian Government
  • URL: http://canada.gc.ca/
    Summary Information:
    Canada is an independent sovereign democracy and a federal state with 10 largely self-governing provinces and three territories all controlled by a central government. Confederation took place in 1867. Parliamentary democracy continued to operate after this time consisting of a Parliament, with a Governor General representing the Queen; an appointed Upper House, the Senate; and an elected Lower House and the House of Commons. For every province there is a legislature, with a Lieutenant-Governor representing the Queen; an appointed Upper House, the Legislative Council, and an elected Lower House, the Legislative Assembly.

    The Governor General (and each provincial Lieutenant-Governor) governs through a Cabinet, headed by a Prime Minister or Premier. If a national or provincial general election gives a party opposed to the Cabinet in office a clear majority in the House of Commons or the legislature, the Cabinet resigns and the Governor General or Lieutenant-Governor calls on the leader of the that party to become Prime Minister and form a new Cabinet. The Prime Minister then selects the other Ministers, who are then formally appointed by the Governor General or, in the provinces, by the Lieutenant-Governor.

    Related Entries

    Agreement
  • Dogrib Comprehensive Land Claim and Self-Government Agreement-in-Principle - Signatory
  • Diavik Diamonds Project Environmental Agreement - Signatory
  • Robinson Treaties - Signatory
  • Manitoulin Treaty of 1862 - Signatory
  • Manitoulin Treaty of 1836 - Signatory
  • Nunavut Land Claims Agreement - Signatory
  • James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement and Complementary Agreements - Signatory
  • Agreement Respecting the Implementation of the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement - Signatory
  • James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement-in-Principle - Signatory
  • Nunavut Political Accord - Signatory
  • Nunavut Agreement-in-Principle - Signatory
  • Tsawwassen First Nation Agreement-in-Principle - Signatory
  • Nisga'a Final Agreement - Signatory
  • Nisga'a Nation Harvest Agreement - Signatory
  • Nisga'a Nation Own Source Revenue Agreement - Signatory
  • Nisga'a Nation Taxation Agreement - Signatory
  • Nisga'a Nation Fiscal Financing Agreement - Signatory
  • Nisga'a Framework Agreement - Signatory
  • Nisga'a Agreement-in-Principle - Signatory
  • Tlicho Land Claims and Self-Government Agreement - Signatory
  • Tlicho Agreement Implementation Plan - Signatory
  • Tlicho Financing Agreement - Signatory
  • Tlicho Intergovernmental Services Agreement - Signatory
  • Tlicho Tax Treatment Agreement - Signatory
  • Akaitcho/Tlicho Overlap Agreement
  • Inuvialuit Final Agreement - Signatory
  • Inuvialuit Land Rights Settlement Agreement-In-Principle - Signatory
  • Gwich'in and Inuvialuit Self-Government Agreement-In-Principle for the Beaufort-Delta Region - Signatory
  • Gwich'in Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement - Signatory
  • Yukon Transboundary Agreement - Signatory
  • Gwich'in Self-Government Framework Agreement
  • Beaufort-Delta Political Accord - Signatory
  • Gwichi’in Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement Implementation Plan 2003 - Signatory
  • Kluane First Nation Final Agreement Implementation Plan 2003 - Signatory
  • Kluane First Nation Self-Government Agreement Implementation Plan 2003 - Signatory
  • Kluane First Nation Self-Government Agreement 2003 - Signatory
  • Westbank First Nation Self-Government Agreement 2003 - Signatory
  • Deline Self-Government Agreement-in-Principle for the Sahtu Dene and Metis of Deline 2003 - Signatory
  • Kluane First Nation Final Agreement 2003 - Signatory
  • Sahtu Dene and Metis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement 1994 - Signatory
  • Sahtu Dene and Metis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement Implementation Plan 1993 - Signatory
  • Northwest Territories Lands and Resources Devolution Framework Agreement 2004 - Signatory
  • Memorandum of Intent on Devolution and Resources Revenue Sharing 2001 - Signatory
  • Akaitcho Treaty 8 Framework Agreement 2000 - Signatory
  • Akaitcho Interim Measures Agreement 2001 - Signatory
  • Political Accord between Akaitcho Territory Dene First Nations and Government of the Northwest Territories 2000 - Signatory
  • Treaty No 8 - Signatory
  • Political Accord to Establish a Nunavik Commission for Self-Government 1999 - Signatory
  • Negotiation Framework Agreement on the Amalgamation of Certain Institutions and the Creation of a New Form of Government in Nunavik 2003 - Signatory
  • Nunavik Inuit Marine Region Agreement-in-Principle 2002 - Signatory
  • Labrador Inuit Land Claims Agreement-in-Principle 2001 - Signatory
  • Labrador Inuit Land Claims Agreement 2003 - Signatory
  • Labrador Inuit Land Claims Framework Agreement 1990 - Signatory
  • Voisey's Bay Interim Measures Agreement 2002 - Signatory
  • Labrador Inuit Land Claims Interim Measures Agreement 2001 - Signatory
  • Memorandum of Understanding on Interim Measures Related to the Proposed Torngat Mountains National Park Reserve 2000
  • Metis Nation Accord 1992
  • Northeastern Quebec Agreement - Signatory
  • Northeastern Quebec Agreement Implementation Agreement - Signatory
  • Inuit Partnership Accord - Signatory
  • Treaty 11
  • Treaty 1 & 2 - Signatory
  • Treaty 3
  • Memorandum of Agreement by 'Half-Breeds' of Rainy River - Signatory
  • Treaty 4 - Signatory
  • Treaty 5
  • Treaty 6 - Signatory
  • Treaty 9 - Signatory
  • Treaty 10
  • British Columbia Treaty Commission Agreement - Signatory
  • Carcross/Tagish First Nation Self-Government Agreement - Signatory
  • Carcross/Tagish First Nation Final Agreement - Signatory
  • Anishnaabe Government Agreement - Signatory
  • Anishnaabe Government Agreement First Nation Ratification Process - Signatory
  • Ta'an Kwach'an Council Self-Government Agreement - Signatory
  • Tr'ondek Hwech'in Self-Government Agreement - Signatory
  • Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation Self-Government Agreement - Signatory
  • Selkirk First Nation Self-Government Agreement - Signatory
  • Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation Self-Government Agreement - Signatory
  • First Nation of Nacho Nyak Dun Self-Government Agreement - Signatory
  • Lheidli T’enneh Final Agreement - Signatory
  • Umbrella Final Agreement between the Government of Canada, The Council for Yukon Indians and the Government of the Yukon - Signatory
  • Kwanlin Dun First Nation Final Agreement - Signatory
  • Organisation
  • Dogrib Treaty 11 Council
  • Government of the Northwest Territories
  • Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
  • Environmental Monitoring Advisory Board for the Diavik Diamond Mine - Member
  • Government of Quebec
  • Government of British Columbia
  • Tlicho Government
  • Mackenzie Valley Environmental Impact Review Board
  • BHP Independent Environmental Monitoring Agency
  • Canadian Centre for the Independent Resolution of First Nations Specific Claims
  • Inuit Relations Secretariat
  • Event
  • Coolican Report 1986
  • Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples 1996 (CANADA)
  • Apology to Former Students of Indian Residential Schools
  • Legislation
  • Indian Acts
  • Constitution Act 1867
  • Constitution Act 1982
  • Nunavut Act 1993
  • Cree-Naskapi (of Quebec) Act 1984
  • Ruperts Land Act 1868
  • Western Arctic (Inuvialuit) Claims Settlement Act
  • Gwich'in Land Claim Settlement Act
  • Mackenzie Valley Resource Management Act (1988)
  • Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms 1982
  • Specific Claims Resolution Act (2003, c.23)
  • Canadian Environmental Assessment Act 1992, c 37
  • Treaty Commission Act 1996
  • People
  • Inuvialuit People
  • Metis People
  • Policy/Strategy
  • White Paper on Indian Policy
  • Charlottetown Accord 1992 - Signatory
  • Meech Lake Constitutional Accord 1987
  • Labrador Innu Comprehensive Healing Strategy 2001 - Collaborator
  • Comprehensive Land Claims Policy 1973
  • Inherent Right of Self-Government Policy 1995
  • Community-Based Self-Government Policy 1990
  • Specific Claims Policy 1973
  • Gathering Strength: Canada's Aboriginal Action Plan 1998
  • In All Fairness: A Native Claims Policy 1981
  • Outstanding Business: A Native Claims Policy 1982
  • British Columbia Six - Stage Treaty Negotiation Process

  • References

    Report
    Canadian Government (1982) Constitution Act 1982
    Resource
    The Solon Law Archive (1987) Meech Lake Constitutional Accord
    Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (2003) Comprehensive Claims Policy and Status of Claims
    Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (1996) Comprehensive Claims (Modern Treaties) in Canada
    Canadian Government (1867) Constitution Act 1867
    Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (1995) Federal Policy Guide: Aboriginal Self-Government
    Eugene Forsey (2003) How Canadians Govern Themselves

    Glossary

    Specific Claims Agreement (Canada) | Federal Government | Land Governance Agreement (Canada) | Indian Claims Commission (Canada)

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